What's the Difference Between Whole Wheat Bread and Whole Grain Bread?

By Lynne Evans

Whole Grain Bread

There are differences between definitions of whole grain bread and whole wheat bread on the two sides of the Atlantic, although the basic difference is the same.

Whole grain bread is made with whole grain flour. This means that all the grain is retained, the bran which is the outer layer of the grain; the endosperm which is the middle layer of the grain and the germ which is the inner layer where the seeds begin to sprout. During the refining process no part of the wheat or other grain is lost. This type of bread is therefore the most nutritious.

Whole wheat bread in the US may have been refined almost as much as unbleached white flour. In other words, the bran and germ may have been lost. Whole wheat bread may be referred to in the UK as whole meal bread. In this case nothing has been removed during the milling process, and the same goes for the whole grain bread, which will be wheat, rye or pumpernickel bread in Europe. These breads are dense and full of fiber and nutrients. In North America, whole grain bread is usually whole wheat bread.

In North America the labeling is tricky to decipher on brown breads. For example, in Canada you need to look for whole wheat flour or wholegrain wheat flour as whole-wheat alone can mean that up to 70 percent of the wheat germ has been removed. As the germ contains the phytonutrients with the most antioxidant properties (antioxidants will combat the free radicals which damage healthy cells and may cause cancer), you are losing out on some health benefits if the germ is not in the bread.

If you see "enriched" or "bromated" on the bread label, it will not be wholegrain or whole wheat. If you see wheat flour on the label this does not indicate what type of bread it is, other than it came from wheat. You cannot tell from this if there is any germ left in the product. However if the label says whole wheat flour or wholegrain wheat flour, then this is what the product contains.

There is now the Whole Grain Stamp which can be found on some but not all breads. Look for the official symbol and the Whole Grain Stamp. The 100 % stamp indicates that there is a full serving or more of whole grain in each labeled serving of the bread. The basic whole grain stamp indicates that there is at least half a serving of whole grain in each serving as labeled.

Whole grain flour and whole grains in our diets have been linked by researchers to a reduction of cancers, notably colon cancer, as they are high in fibre content. These whole grains also help to reduce the risk of heart disease it is thought. Whole grain breads are good for people managing Type-2 diabetes with their diets, as they do not cause a significant spike in blood glucose levels. Whole grain breads are absorbed into our systems more easily than other heavily refined products. They also contain more dietary fibre than other breads, which means that they help to prevent constipation which can cause piles and possibly contribute to colon cancer.

Whole grain breads contain the B-complex vitamins, B1, B2 and B3 as well as vitamin E and the minerals; iron, potassium, zinc and copper, along with other phytonutrients.

Read the packaging and list of ingredients carefully when looking for whole grain bread. If whole wheat flour is the first ingredient on the label, it is likely to be just that, with nothing removed. However there is no absolute guarantee of this. On the other hand, if it says 100% whole wheat then it will be.

Check the list of ingredients carefully if you are looking for whole grain bread, or 100% whole wheat bread. Your best bet is to look for the 100% Whole Grain Stam

By Lynne Evans Herbs-TreatandTaste - If you enjoyed this article why not visit this website and find out what different types of oats and barley are too? The site contains a lot of information about the food we eat and the herbs and spices we use in our food. There are also recipes and information about medicinal plants. It's only a click away and you might find some interesting facts that will inform your eating habits. Click the link and see for yourself.

Article Source: EzineArticles

Peter Reinhart's Whole Grain Breads: New Techniques, Extraordinary Flavor, by Peter Reinhart. We know whole grain breads are better for us, but will we actually eat them, much less take time to bake them? Yes, says beloved baking instructor Peter Reinhart, but only if they are very, very good. So Reinhart, with his decades of experience crafting amazing artisanal breads, has made it his mission to create whole grain breads that are nothing short of incredible. Written in Reinhart’s famously clear style and accompanied by inspiring photographs, these recipes were perfected with the help of nearly 350 testers....More